Thanatic Ethics

https://www.thanaticethics.com/

 

Workshop #2 Thanatic Ethics: The Circulation of Bodies in Migratory Spaces

Thanatic Ethics: The Circulation of Bodies in Migratory Spaces

Workshop #2

A partnership between The Centre for Popular Culture in the Humanities (The Education University of Hong Kong), EMMA (University Paul-Valéry Montpellier 3)
and La Maison Française d’Oxford

Workshop #2 CFP

Venue: University Paul Valery Montpellier 3, France
Dates: September 29 to October 2, 2021
Language: English
Deadline for submitting proposals: 15 June 2021
Notification of acceptance: 15 July 2021

Project co-convenors:
Dr Bidisha Banerjee, Centre for Popular Culture in the Humanities, the Education U. of Hong Kong
Dr Thomas Lacroix, La Maison Française d’Oxford
Dr Judith Misrahi-Barak, EMMA, University Paul-Valéry Montpellier 3

workshop2_thanatic_ethics_bios_abstracts_230921.pdf

programme_t_ethics_230921.pdf

 

Thanatic Ethics: The Circulation of Bodies in Migratory Spaces, began with a single question: What happens to the bodies of migrants who perish on foreign shores, often while making perilous journeys across land and sea in search of better lives?

In migratory and diasporic contexts, one often witnesses the desire to be buried in the home country. A home burial encapsulates a widely shared perception of home shared among emigrants, immigrants and migrants. Death imbues the meaning of home and therefore the meaning of what it is to live away from the native country. The place of departure is often erected as a place of moral centrality (Lacroix 2018). It underpins the relations with those who stayed and who hide their fascination for foreign lands behind their accusations of selfishness, oblivion and the moral dubiousness of emigrants imbued with western values (Carling 2008). And yet, despite this willingness to be buried in the homeland, the life course of immigrants can take unanticipated trajectories. As emigrants grow old, the links with the left-behind dwindle. For various reasons, burial in the place of settlement becomes an option and then a reality (see the Muslim quarters in European cemeteries for instance, Lestage 2012).

The migration crisis in the recent years has modified our perspective on the deaths in migration, at sea or on land. Recent works have sought to quantify the number of casualties (Heller and Pécoud 2017; Sapkota et al. 2006). Others strive to retrieve the identity of these people in the thin traces they left behind (Kobelinsky and Le Courant 2017; Cattaneo 2018). And when nothing material is left, what endures is the memory of tragic wrecking, commemorated by plaques, monuments or art pieces, in the wake of earlier dumping of bodies overboard in colonial and slavery contexts.

The current Covid-19 pandemic has added another dimension to the question of migrant deaths and repatriation with the disastrous prospect of outbreaks in overcrowded refugee camps and detention centres. The pandemic has also resulted in massive internal migrations and the current global crisis caused by Covid-19 makes the thanatic approach in migration studies a particularly timely one.

Literature, film and visual art is replete with discussions of thanatic themes, raising questions about the political, social and emotional impacts of such acts on communities as well as individuals. Though questions of the circulation and repatriation of migrant bodies can be found as far back as oral literature and folktales, “Thanatic Ethics” hopes to fill a lacuna and seeks to increase the critical attention to this aspect of migration across the disciplines.

 

The description of the Project can be found online:
https://www.thanaticethics.com
https://emma.www.univ-montp3.fr/fr/valorisation-partenariats/programmes-européens-et-internationaux/thanatic-ethics

 

After several Webinars and a Workshop online (October 2020 to April 2021), this transnational and transdisciplinary project is now seeking papers for Workshop #2, aiming at increasing the focus on specific themes.

 

Proposals should be related though not limited to the following themes:
Questions of body repatriation / Practices and representations
The politics and aesthetics of the representation of deaths in migration
Making visible the invisible / the role of art(s) and literature
Thanatic ethics and gender
Funereal and mourning practices / the (im-)materiality of the body and its politics
The temporality of death vs the temporality of repatriation / the double journey
Bodies (dead and alive) migrating through spaces
The Nation, citizenship and the return of remains in migratory contexts
The impact of the sanitary crisis
Questions related to the integrity of the body / organ trafficking for instance
The individual and collective economics of repatriation
The impact of colonial history on repatriation
Grammar of thanatic spaces / the dead, the living and the survivors
Human rights, social justice and migrant deaths
Necropolitical ecologies
Necropolitical divide between the dead and the living / the segregation of space
Questions of the common space for everyone to share
Migrant deaths, humanitarianism and the politics of care
Comparative thanatics from a ‘multidirectional’ perspective / the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Oceans

 

We invite contributors to send their proposals (a 250-­word abstract, title, author’s name, a 150-word bio, and contact information) to the conference email address: thanaticethics@gmail.com.
Each presentation will be 20 minutes (followed by discussion time). A selection of papers will be considered for publication.

               

Workshop #1 Thanatic Ethics: the Circulation of Bodies in Migratory Spaces

Thanatic Ethics: the Circulation of Bodies in Migratory Spaces

Workshop #1 – Online – April 1-2, 2021


Workshop #1 : Abstracts and Bios

Workshop #1 : Programme


Date: April 1-2, 2021

Time: 9AM - 2:30PM CET (Central European Time)

Eventbrite : https://www.eventbrite.hk/e/thanatic-ethics-workshop-1-tickets-142478636437

Project website : http://www.cpch.hk/workshop-1-thanatic-ethics/

WEBINAR SERIES WINTER 2021

Friday 29 January 2021, 9:30GMT
‘Taking Care of the Dead: Experiences from Tajiks in Russia’
Juliette Cleuziou (University Lumières-Lyon 2)

poster_thanatic_ethics_webinar_series_juliette_cleuziou_29jan2021.pdf

 

Friday 12 February 2021, 14:30GMT
'Words Sculpted Out of Grief: Unritual in Édouard Glissant,
M. Nourbese Philip, and Jason deCaires Taylor'
Valérie Loichot (Emory University)

 

Friday 12 March 2021, 9:30GMT
'Transnational Engagements Around Senegalese
Migrant Deaths'
Félicien de Heusch (University of Liège)

 

To attend one of the online events, or to be added to the seminar’s mailing list, please contact Thomas Lacroix thomas.lacroix@cnrs.fr

Convened by Bidisha Banerjee (CPCH, The Education University of Hong Kong), Judith Misrahi-Barak (EMMA, Montpellier 3) and Thomas Lacroix (MFO)

 

 

WEBINAR SERIES FALL 2020

THANATIC ETHICS: THE CIRCULATION OF BODIES IN MIGRATORY SPACES

WEBINAR SERIES

Friday 23 October 2020, 9:30-10:30 GMT
‘The politics of counting migrant deaths in times of crisis’
Antoine Pecoud (Paris 13 University)

https://mfo.web.ox.ac.uk/event/webinar-thanatic-ethics-circulation-bodies-migratory-spaces

poster_webinar1_thanatic_ethics_23oct2020.pdf

 

Friday 20 November 2020, 13:30-14:30 GMT
‘Invisible Bodies: Refugees, Undocumented Migrants and Asylum Seekers in Canadian Literature’
Srilata Ravi (University of Alberta)

poster_thanatic_ethics_webinar_series_srilata_ravi_20nov2020.pdf

 

To attend one of the online events, or to be added to the seminar’s mailing list, please contact Thomas Lacroix thomas.lacroix@cnrs.fr

Convened by Bidisha Banerjee (CPCH, The Education University of Hong Kong), Judith Misrahi-Barak (EMMA, Montpellier 3) and Thomas Lacroix (MFO)

 

 

 

 

Shocking images of migrant bodies washed ashore, epitomized in Ai Wei Wei’s re-enactment of the Syrian infant Alan Kurdi’s lifeless body on a beach in Lesbos, have almost become a macabre shorthand for migrant deaths on foreign shores as more and more refugees undertake perilous sea crossings and other hazardous inland journeys, in search of a better life. We may wonder what happens to these bodies, what happens to these bones; are they repatriated back to the homeland? If not, are they in a cruel twist of fate, simply buried in mass graves on the foreign shores they tragically failed to reach while alive? How are the victims memorialized, if at all? This also raises related questions about the immigrant’s desire for a home burial. How is the longing for home manifested as a longing to die in the homeland? What about those who are criminalized and refused a burial? How is the right to die linked to citizenship and human rights in the context of migration and diaspora? “Thanatic Ethics: The Circulation of Bodies in Migratory Spaces” seeks to explore these questions as they are articulated in literary and visual culture, and across disciplines.

For more details please refer to http://www.cpch.hk/thanatic-ethics-the-circulation-of-bodies-in-migratory-spaces/ for more details about academic events to be organised.

Feel free to contact us at:
Dr Bidisha Banerjee (banerjee"at"eduhk.hk)
Dr Judith Misrahi-Barak (judith.misrahi-barak"at"univ-montp3.fr)
Dr Thomas Lacroix (thomas.lacroix"at"cnrs.fr)

 

The American ship the Sunny South carried “a freight of seventy dead Chinamen” from San Francisco to Hong Kong on May 15th 1855. It was a part of the large scale repatriation of human remains common throughout the nineteenth century, fuelled by the desire of Chinese emigrants to be buried in their native village. The unacceptable alternative was to be a lonely ghost wandering in limbo in a foreign land (Sinn, 265-6). This paramount desire to be buried in the home country is not unique to the Chinese. A home burial encapsulates a widely shared perception of home among emigrants. Death imbues the meaning of home and therefore the meaning of what it is to be an emigrant. The being-towards-death of those who left, erects the place of departure as a place of moral centrality (Lacroix 2018). It underpins the relations with those who stayed and who hide their fascination for foreign lands behind their accusations of selfishness, oblivion and the moral dubiousness of emigrants imbued with western values (Carling 2008). And yet, despite this willingness to be buried in the homeland, the life course of immigrants can take unanticipated trajectories. As emigrants grow old, the links with the left-behind dwindle. For want of money (body repatriation remains expensive) or of reason to get back, burial in the place of settlement becomes first an option and then a reality. The multiplication of Muslim quarters in European cemeteries is a silent testimony of the disbanding of longdistance ties for those who die too late (Lestage 2012).

In recent years, Western cemeteries accommodate a new population of those who die too early, in their attempt to cross deadly borders: the Mediterranean Sea, the Southern US desert, the Caribbean Sea, the Northern Australian shores, etc. Recent works have sought to quantify the number of casualties (Heller and Pécoud 2017; Sapkota et al. 2006). An estimated 40,000 people have perished in the Mediterranean since 2000, which makes the area the deadliest migration route in the world. Others strive to retrieve the identity of these people in the thin traces they left behind (Kobelinsky and Le Courant 2017). And when nothing material is left, what endures is the memory of tragic wrecking, commemorated by plaques, monuments or art pieces, such as the SIEV X memorial commemorating the sinking of the Tampa during which 431 people drowned trying to reach Australia (Kleist 2013). The current Covid-19 pandemic has added another dimension to the question of migrant deaths and repatriation with the disastrous prospect of outbreaks in overcrowded refugee camps and detention centres. In addition, immigrants from all walks of life are meeting untimely deaths as the pandemic takes its toll in Europe and the US. The pandemic has also resulted in massive internal migrations in countries like India of rural populations who had migrated to the urban centres for employment. With the country going in to complete lockdown, they now sought to return home sometimes by walking hundreds of kilometres across several states, resulting in several migrant deaths. The current global crisis caused by Covid-19 makes the thanatic approach in migration studies a particularly timely one.

Literature, film and visual art is replete with discussions of thanatic themes ranging from Ai Wei Wei’s art installations capturing the perilous journeys undertaken by refugees to Alejandro Gonzalez Inarritu’s 2010 film Biutiful, from Edwidge Danticat’s depiction of migrating living bodies that are neither dead nor alive but remain in oceanic limbo in her short story « Children of the Sea » to Michael Ondaatje’s forensic fiction Anil’s Ghost (2000). What happens when bodies are refused repatriation? The concluding scenes of Kamila Shamsie’s novel Home Fire (2017) depicts the intersections of belonging and citizenship in death when her heroine Aneeka sits in a park in Karachi defying the gendered norms of Muslim burial, demanding her brother Parvez’s remains be repatriated to the UK for a proper burial in defiance of his characterisation as a terrorist by the British government. Similarly, the dumping of bodies overboard in neo slave narratives like Fred D’Aguiar’s Feeding the Ghosts (1997), or the Franco-Senegalese supernatural drama Atlantique (2019) by Mati Diop where the refugee crisis is symbolized by the spirits of the migrants lost at sea which return to take possession of the inhabitants in the African homeland, raise questions about the political, social and emotional impacts of such acts on communities as well as individuals. Though questions of the circulation and repatriation of migrant bodies can be found as far back as oral literature and folktales, little critical attention has been paid to this aspect of migration. « Thanatic Ethics » hopes to fill this lacuna.